This e-module enables learners to understand what trafficking in persons is, why it’s a protection issue of concern to the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and how it is addressed. The learner is introduced to the legal definition of trafficking, how it differs to the smuggling of migrants and about the factors that lead to trafficking. Learners encounter the various different forms of exploitation and explore indicators or warning signs of trafficking. The e-module then introduces the impact of trafficking and the humanitarian needs of trafficked people and looks at what steps can be taken to safely respond to a concern about a potential trafficked person or a disclosure from a trafficked person. Finally, the e-module explores the impact of Covid-19 on trafficking in persons.